3.4.17 ARMCortexA73x1CT

ARMCortexA73x1CT CPU component. This model is written in C++ and models version r0p2 of the RTL.

Note:

  • The following components also exist:

    • ARMCortexA73x2CT.
    • ARMCortexA73x3CT.
    • ARMCortexA73x4CT.
  • The per-core parameters are preceded by cpun., where n identifies the core (0-3).

Additional port and parameter information

CRYPTODISABLE, cryptodisable[4]
ARMv8 Cryptography Extensions require a separate package, which is subject to export license conditions. Contact ARM for details.
dev_debug_s
The system designer decides whether a debug APB ties the external debug view with other system views. In the model, use a PVBusDecoder to direct traffic to the correct port.
dcache-state_modelled, icache-state_modelled
If either L1 cache is stateful, then the L2 cache is stateful.
semihosting-cwd
The host operating system limits the maximum path length. The semihosting-cwd option does not provide any security. Software running on the model can access files outside this directory using relative paths containing .. or using absolute paths.

Table 3-121 Ports

Name Protocol Type Description
CNTHPIRQ[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Timer signals to SOC.
CNTPNSIRQ[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Timer signals to SOC.
CNTPSIRQ[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Timer signals to SOC.
CNTVIRQ[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Timer signals to SOC.
aa64naa32[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Register width after reset.
acp_s PVBus Slave AXI ACP slave port.
broadcastcachemaint 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave ACE defined pins.
broadcastinner 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave ACE defined pins.
broadcastouter 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave ACE defined pins.
cfgend[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal if for EE bit initialisation.
cfgsdisable 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal disables write access to some secure Interrupt Controller registers.
cfgte[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal provides default exception handling state.
clk_in ClockSignal Slave The clock signal connected to the clk_in port is used to determine the rate at which the core executes instructions.
clrexmonack 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Acknowledge handshake signal for the clrexmonreq signal
clrexmonreq 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Signals the clearing of an external global exclusive monitor
clusterid 2.7.4 Value protocol Slave The port reads the value in CPU ID register field, bits[11:8] of the MPIDR.
cntvalueb 2.6.1 CounterInterface protocol Slave Interface to SoC level counter module.
commirq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Interrupt signal from debug communications channel.
commrx[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Receive portion of Data Transfer Register full.
commtx[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Transmit portion of Data Transfer Register empty.
cp15sdisable[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal disables write access to some system control processor registers.
cpuporeset[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave CPU power on reset.
cryptodisable[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Disable cryptography extensions after reset.
cti[4] 2.6.4 v8EmbeddedCrossTrigger_controlprotocol protocol Master Cross trigger matrix port.
ctidbgirq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Cross trigger matrix port.
dbgack[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master External debug interface.
dbgen[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave External debug interface.
dbgnopwrdwn[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master No power-down request.
dbgpwrupreq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Processor powerup request.
dev_debug_s PVBus Slave External debug interface.
edbgrq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave External debug interface.
event 2.7.2 Signal protocol Peer This peer port of event input (and output) is for wakeup from WFE.
fiq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal drives the CPUs fast-interrupt handling.
gicv3_redistributor_s[4] 2.6.2 GICv3Comms protocol Slave GICv3 AXI-stream port.
irq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal drives the CPUs interrupt handling.
l2flushdone 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Flush of L2 memory system complete.
l2flushreq 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Request flush of L2 memory system.
l2reset 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Level2 reset.
memorymapped_debug_s PVBus Slave External debug interface.
niden[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave External debug interface.
periphbase 2.7.5 Value_64 protocol Slave This port sets the base address of private peripheral region.
pmuirq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Interrupt signal from performance monitoring unit.
presetdbg 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Debug reset.
pvbus_m0 PVBus Master The core will generate bus requests on this port.
rei[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Per core RAM Error Interrupt
reset[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Reset.
romaddr 2.7.5 Value_64 protocol Slave Debug ROM base address.
romaddrv 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Debug ROM base address valid.
rvbaraddr[4] 2.7.5 Value_64 protocol Slave Reset vector base address.
sei[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Per core System Error physical pins.
smpen[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master This signals AMP or SMP mode for each core.
spiden[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave External debug interface.
spniden[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave External debug interface.
standbywfe[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master This signal indicates if a core is in WFE state.
standbywfi[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master This signal indicates if a core is in WFI state
standbywfil2 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master This signal indicates all cores and L2 are idle and in low power state.
ticks[4] 2.6.3 InstructionCount protocol Master This port should be connected to one of the two ticks ports on a 'visualisation' component, in order to display a running instruction count.
vcpumntirq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Master Interrupt signal for virtual CPU maintenance IRQ.
vfiq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Virtualised FIQ.
vinithi[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave This signal controls of the location of the exception vectors at reset.
virq[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Virtualised IRQ.
virtio_s PVBus Slave The virtio coherent port, hooks directly into the L2 system and becomes coherent (assuming attributes are set correctly).
vsei[4] 2.7.2 Signal protocol Slave Per core virtual System Error physical pins.

Table 3-122 Parameters for ARM_Cortex-A73

Name Type Default value Description
cpu0.AA64nAA32 bool 0x1 Register width configuration at reset. 0, AArch32. 1, AArch64.
cpu0.CFGEND bool 0x0 Endianness configuration at reset. 0, little endian. 1, big endian.
cpu0.CFGTE bool 0x0 Instruction set state when resetting into AArch32. 0, A32. 1, T32.
cpu0.CP15SDISABLE bool 0x0 Initialize to disable access to some CP15 registers
cpu0.CP15SDISABLE2 bool 0x0 Initialize to disable access to some CP15 registers
cpu0.CRYPTODISABLE bool 0x0 Disable cryptographic features.
cpu0.RVBARADDR int 0x0 Value of RVBAR_ELx register.
cpu0.SMPEN bool 0x0 Enable broadcast messages necessary for correct SMP operation at reset.
cpu0.VINITHI bool 0x0 Reset value of SCTLR.V.
cpu0.enable_trace_special_hlt_imm16 bool 0x0 Enable usage of parameter trace_special_hlt_imm16
cpu0.max_code_cache_mb int 0x100 Maximum size of the simulation code cache (MiB). For platforms with more than 2 cores this limit will be scaled down. (e.g 1/8 for 16 or more cores)
cpu0.min_sync_level int 0x0 Force minimum syncLevel (0=off=default,1=syncState,2=postInsnIO,3=postInsnAll)
cpu0.semihosting-A32_HLT int 0xf000 A32 HLT number for semihosting calls.
cpu0.semihosting-A64_HLT int 0xf000 A64 HLT number for semihosting calls.
cpu0.semihosting-ARM_SVC int 0x123456 A32 SVC number for semihosting calls.
cpu0.semihosting-T32_HLT int 0x3c T32 HLT number for semihosting calls.
cpu0.semihosting-Thumb_SVC int 0xab T32 SVC number for semihosting calls.
cpu0.semihosting-cmd_line string "" Command line available to semihosting calls.
cpu0.semihosting-cwd string "" Base directory for semihosting file access.
cpu0.semihosting-enable bool 0x1 Enable semihosting SVC/HLT traps.
cpu0.semihosting-heap_base int 0x0 Virtual address of heap base.
cpu0.semihosting-heap_limit int 0xf000000 Virtual address of top of heap.
cpu0.semihosting-stack_base int 0x10000000 Virtual address of base of descending stack.
cpu0.semihosting-stack_limit int 0xf000000 Virtual address of stack limit.
cpu0.trace_special_hlt_imm16 int 0xf000 For this HLT number, IF enable_trace_special_hlt_imm16=true, skip performing usual HLT execution but call MTI trace if registered
cpu0.vfp-enable_at_reset bool 0x0 Enable VFP in CPACR, CPPWR, NSACR at reset. Warning: Arm recommends going through the implementation's suggested VFP power-up sequence!

Table 3-123 Parameters for Cluster_ARM_Cortex-A73

Name Type Default value Description
BROADCASTCACHEMAINT bool 0x1 Enable broadcasting of cache maintenance operations to downstream caches. The broadcastcachemaint signal will override this value if used.
BROADCASTINNER bool 0x1 Enable broadcasting of Inner Shareable transactions. The broadcastinner signal will override this value if used.
BROADCASTOUTER bool 0x1 Enable broadcasting of Outer Shareable transactions. The broadcastouter signal will override this value if used.
CCSIDR-L1D_override int 0x0 If nonzero, override the value presented in CCSIDR for L1D (this is cosmetic and does not affect cache behaviour).
CCSIDR-L1I_override int 0x0 If nonzero, override the value presented in CCSIDR for L1I (this is cosmetic and does not affect cache behaviour).
CCSIDR-L2_override int 0x0 If nonzero, override the value presented in CCSIDR for L2 (this is cosmetic and does not affect cache behaviour).
CLUSTER_ID int 0x0 Processor cluster ID value
DBGROMADDR int 0x0 Initialization value of DBGDRAR register. Bits[47:12] of this register specify the ROM table physical address.
DBGROMADDRV bool 0x0 If true, set bits[1:0] of the CP15 DBGDRAR to indicate that the address is valid
GICDISABLE bool 0x1 Disable the new style GICv3 CPU interface in each core model. Should be left enabled unless the platform contains a GICv3 distributor.
MIDR int 0x411fd090 Value of MIDR_EL1 register.
PERIPHBASE int 0x13080000 Base address of peripheral memory space
VAL_disable_epd bool 0x0 For the purposes of test generation ONLY, force TCR_ELx.EPDx to behave as 0
cpi_div int 0x1 Divider for calculating CPI (Cycles Per Instruction)
cpi_mul int 0x1 Multiplier for calculating CPI (Cycles Per Instruction)
dcache-hit_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for hit. Intended to model the tag-lookup time. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-maintenance_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for cache maintenance operations given in total ticks. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-miss_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for miss. Intended to model the time for failed tag-lookup and allocation of intermediate buffers. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-prefetch_enabled bool 0x0 Enable simulation of data cache prefetching. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true
dcache-read_access_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for read accesses given in ticks per access (of size dcache-read_bus_width_in_bytes). If this parameter is non-zero, per-access latencies will be used instead of per-byte even if dcache-read_latency is set. This is in addition to the hit or miss latency, and intended to correspond to the time taken to transfer across the cache upstream bus, this is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-read_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for read accesses given in ticks per byte accessed.dcache-read_access_latency must be set to 0 for per-byte latencies to be applied. This is in addition to the hit or miss latency, and intended to correspond to the time taken to transfer across the cache upstream bus. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-size int 0x8000 L1 D-Cache size in bytes.
dcache-snoop_data_transfer_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for received snoop accesses that perform a data transfer given in ticks per byte accessed. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-state_modelled bool 0x0 Set whether D-cache has stateful implementation
dcache-write_access_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for write accesses given in ticks per access (of size dcache-write_bus_width_in_bytes). If this parameter is non-zero, per-access latencies will be used instead of per-byte even if dcache-write_latency is set. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
dcache-write_latency int 0x0 L1 D-Cache timing annotation latency for write accesses given in ticks per byte accessed. dcache-write_access_latency must be set to 0 for per-byte latencies to be applied. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
enable_simulation_performance_optimizations bool 0x1 With this option enabled, the model will run more quickly, but be less accurate to exact CPU behavior. The model will still be functionally accurate for software, but may increase differences seen between hardware behavior and model behavior for certain workloads (it changes the micro-architectural value of stage12_tlb_size parameter to 1024).
icache-hit_latency int 0x0 L1 I-Cache timing annotation latency for hit. Intended to model the tag-lookup time. This is only used when icache-state_modelled=true.
icache-maintenance_latency int 0x0 L1 I-Cache timing annotation latency for cache maintenance operations given in total ticks. This is only used when icache-state_modelled=true.
icache-miss_latency int 0x0 L1 I-Cache timing annotation latency for miss. Intended to model the time for failed tag-lookup and allocation of intermediate buffers. This is only used when icache-state_modelled=true.
icache-prefetch_enabled bool 0x0 Enable simulation of instruction cache prefetching. This is only used when icache-state_modelled=true.
icache-read_access_latency int 0x0 L1 I-Cache timing annotation latency for read accesses given in ticks per access (of size icache-read_bus_width_in_bytes). If this parameter is non-zero, per-access latencies will be used instead of per-byte even if icache-read_latency is set. This is in addition to the hit or miss latency, and intended to correspond to the time taken to transfer across the cache upstream bus, this is only used when icache-state_modelled=true.
icache-read_latency int 0x0 L1 I-Cache timing annotation latency for read accesses given in ticks per byte accessed.icache-read_access_latency must be set to 0 for per-byte latencies to be applied. This is in addition to the hit or miss latency, and intended to correspond to the time taken to transfer across the cache upstream bus. This is only used when icache-state_modelled=true.
icache-state_modelled bool 0x0 Set whether I-cache has stateful implementation
l2cache-hit_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for hit. Intended to model the tag-lookup time. This is only used when l2cache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-maintenance_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for cache maintenance operations given in total ticks. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-miss_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for miss. Intended to model the time for failed tag-lookup and allocation of intermediate buffers. This is only used when l2cache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-read_access_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for read accesses given in ticks per access. If this parameter is non-zero, per-access latencies will be used instead of per-byte even if l2cache-read_latency is set. This is in addition to the hit or miss latency, and intended to correspond to the time taken to transfer across the cache upstream bus, this is only used when l2cache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-read_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for read accesses given in ticks per byte accessed.l2cache-read_access_latency must be set to 0 for per-byte latencies to be applied. This is in addition to the hit or miss latency, and intended to correspond to the time taken to transfer across the cache upstream bus. This is only used when l2cache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-size int 0x80000 L2 Cache size in bytes.
l2cache-snoop_data_transfer_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for received snoop accesses that perform a data transfer given in ticks per byte accessed. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-snoop_issue_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for snoop accesses issued by this cache in total ticks. This is only used when dcache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-write_access_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for write accesses given in ticks per access. If this parameter is non-zero, per-access latencies will be used instead of per-byte even if l2cache-write_latency is set. This is only used when l2cache-state_modelled=true.
l2cache-write_latency int 0x0 L2 Cache timing annotation latency for write accesses given in ticks per byte accessed. l2cache-write_access_latency must be set to 0 for per-byte latencies to be applied. This is only used when l2cache-state_modelled=true.
ptw_latency int 0x0 Page table walker latency for TA (Timing Annotation), expressed in simulation ticks
tlb_latency int 0x0 TLB latency for TA (Timing Annotation), expressed in simulation ticks
walk_cache_latency int 0x0 Walk cache latency for TA (Timing Annotation), expressed in simulation ticks
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