AN351 - Debugging DS-5 Jython Scripts

Application Note 351



Debugging DS-5 Jython Scripts

 

Application Note 351

Non-Confidential

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Debugging DS-5 Jython Scripts

Application Note 351

Copyright © 2013 ARM. All rights reserved.

Release Information

Change History

Date

Issue

Confidentiality

Change

January 2013

A

Non-Confidential

First release

 

Proprietary Notice

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Neither the whole nor any part of the information contained in, or the product described in, this document may be adapted or reproduced in any material form except with the prior written permission of the copyright holder.

The product described in this document is subject to continuous developments and improvements. All particulars of the product and its use contained in this document are given by ARM in good faith. However, all warranties implied or expressed, including but not limited to implied warranties of merchantability, or fitness for purpose, are excluded.

This document is intended only to assist the reader in the use of the product. ARM shall not be liable for any loss or damage arising from the use of any information in this document, or any error or omission in such information, or any incorrect use of the product.

Where the term ARM is used it means “ARM or any of its subsidiaries as appropriate”.

Confidentiality Status

This document is Non-Confidential. This document may only be used and distributed in accordance with the terms of the agreement entered into by ARM and the party that ARM delivered this document to.

Product Status

The information in this document is final, that is for a developed product.

Web Address

http://www.arm.com


 


1       Introduction

This application note describes how to debug DS-5 Jython scripts using the PyDev debugger included in DS-5.

This works by using the PyDev remote debugger. This consists of a debug server, which runs inside eclipse, and the debug client, which runs inside your script’s interpreter.

Note that, while these instructions assume that you are using the PyDev debugger, it should be possible to use any other Python/Jython remote debugger. However, note that most debuggers are designed for Python, and may not work perfectly with Jython.

It is also worth noting that the PyDev debugger is not limited to debugging DS-5 Jython scripts, and should also be able to debug other Python and Jython scripts. However, if a script is launched from outside DS-5, the PyDev debug client may not be in the python path by default. The PyDev debug client can be found at eclipse/plugins/org.python.pydev.debug_<version>/pysrc, inside your DS-5 installation directory.

The PyDev debugger client uses the sys.settrace() function to set a tracing function which allows it to observe and pause code execution, so scripts should not use the sys.settrace() function for their own tracing purposes when the debugger is connected.

2       Configuring your DS-5 development environment

The first task is to set up your development environment for using the PyDev remote debugger. This is done by firstly enabling the PyDev Debugger command group, which allows you to start and stop the debug server, and secondly opening the Debug perspective, if it is not already open.

1.       Select Window Customize Perspective…

2.       Switch to the Command Groups Availability tab

3.       In the Available Command Groups box, enable the PyDev Debug option and click OK
command groups availability.png

4.       Select Window Open Perspective Other…

5.       Select Debug (not DS-5 Debug), and click OK

Once the Debug perspective has been opened, you can return to your previous perspective.


 

3       Starting the debug server

Next you need to start the PyDev debug server. This should remain open until you close DS-5, even when you disconnect from all targets. The PyDev debug server shows up in the Console view, which shows its current state and allows it to be stopped if needed.

1.       Select PyDev Start Debug Server

2.       The debug server should start in the Console view
debug server.png

4       Modifying the script

You now need to modify the python script to be debugged, importing the debug client and connecting it to the server.

1.       Open your Jython script, and insert the following lines near the top of the file:
import pydevd
pydevd.settrace()

2.       Optionally, the second line can be modified, to cause all output from the Jython script to be copied to the debug server console in the Console view:
pydevd.settrace(stdoutToServer=True, stderrToServer=True)

When the second line is executed, the debug client connects to the debug server and pauses execution of the Jython script.

5       Debugging the script

The script can now be started as normal, and when pydevd.settrace() is executed, the Python interpreter searches for Python debugger to connect to. Since you started a Python debugger earlier, execution of the script is halted and transferred to the Python debugger. Note that because execution is halted, any progress monitor dialog for the script should be backgrounded to ease switching to the Python debugger and interacting with it.

background.png

Also, when debugging a DS-5 Jython script, the following error lines appear in the DS-5 console; those can be safely ignored.

error.png

It is now possible to switch to the Debug perspective to debug the Jython script. In this perspective, the standard eclipse debugging views can be used to debug the Jython code.

The Debug view has controls to resume, pause and step the code, as well as the ability to switch between threads and view the stack of each thread.
debug view.png

The Variables view shows the values of all local and global variables, and allows them to be modified when the program is suspended. Note that modifying variables will currently only work in the outermost stack frame, due to a limitation in Python and Jython. Variables that were modified the last time the program stepped are shown highlighted in yellow.
variables view.png

Breakpoints can be set by double-clicking in the left margin, and all current breakpoints are shown in the Breakpoints view. From the breakpoint view, you can remove or temporarily disable any breakpoint in your code. By right-clicking on a breakpoint in the left-hand margin (not in the Breakpoints view) and selecting Breakpoint Properties..., you can set a condition, so that the breakpoint is ignored unless the condition evaluates to true.
breakpoints view.png

 


 

6       Debugging DTSL scripts

The PyDev debugger can also be used to debug DTSL scripts, but some additional considerations must be taken into account. When a DTSL script is executed, it runs to completion, but only creates classes which are later instantiated by DS-5. Because of this, the PyDev debugger should not be connected at the top of the file, but instead to the beginning of the __init__ method. This means that the debugger will be connected when the DTSL object is created. Other than that, DTSL scripts can be debugged as usual.

dtsl code.png

7       Debugging flash load scripts

Debugging flash load scripts is similar to debugging DTSL scripts, in that the script is executed once to load a class, and this class is then later instantiated and its methods are called. Again, pydevd.settrace() must be called inside the methods of the class which inherits from FlashMethodv1, not at the top of the script. Typically these are getDefaultRegions(), getDefaultParameters(), setup(), teardown() and program(), as these are the methods that can be called by DS-5, though it is possible to connect the debugger at any point in the script.

Copyright © 2013 ARM Limited. All rights reserved. ARM DAI0351A
Non-Confidential