5.3. Synchronous mode

In this mode of operation GCLK is sourced from BCLK or FCLK. There are three restrictions apply to BCLK and FCLK:

BCLK is used to control the AMBA ASB interface, and FCLK is used to control the internal ARM922T processor core. When an external memory access is required the core either continues to clock using FCLK or is switched to BCLK, as shown in Table 5.1. This is the same as for asynchronous mode.

Table 5.1. Clock selection for external memory accesses

External memory access operationGCLK =
Buffered writeFCLK
Nonbuffered writeBCLK
Page walk, cachable read (linefill), noncachable readBCLK

The penalty in switching from FCLK to BCLK and from BCLK to FCLK is symmetric, from zero to one phase of the clock to which the core is re-synchronizing. That is, switching from FCLK to BCLK has a penalty of between zero and one BCLK phase, and switching back from BCLK to FCLK has a penalty of between zero and one FCLK phase.

Figure 5.2 shows an example zero BCLK phase delay when switching from FCLK to BCLK in synchronous mode.

Figure 5.2. Synchronous mode FCLK to BCLK zero phase delay

Figure 5.3 shows an example one BCLK phase delay when switching from FCLK to BCLK in synchronous mode.

Figure 5.3. Synchronous mode FCLK to BCLK one phase delay

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