5.8.1. Controlling and observing the syncLevel

CADI watchpoints automatically register and unregister for their required syncLevel (POST_INSN_IO). All other use cases must explicitly register and unregister for the specific syncLevel they require.

Users of syncLevel write to a set of non-architectural processor registers in the CADI and SCADI interface to register and unregister for specific syncLevels. Processor registers are more suitable than CADI parameters for exposing an interface that has side effects on writes and where values might change spontaneously.

This is the exposed interface to control and observe the value of syncLevel. All these registers are in the CADI/SCADI register group Simulation for each CT processor that contains non-architectural, simulator-specific registers. All are 32-bit integer registers. Users of syncLevel write to these registers to register and unregister for the syncLevel they require:


Users write to this register for SYNC_STATE. Write-only.


Users write this to unregister for SYNC_STATE. Write-only.


Users write to this register for POST_INSN_LDST. Write-only.


Users write this to unregister for POST_INSN_LDST. Write-only.


Users write this to register for POST_INSN_ALL. Write-only.


Users write this to unregister for POST_INSN_ALL. Write-only.

The following registers are only provided for debugging purposes and visibility in the debugger, and are usually not accessed by syncLevel users at all:


Current syncLevel. Read-only.


User counter. Read-write (should be used read-only).


User counter. Read-write (should be used read-only).


User counter. Read-write (should be used read-only).


Same as min_sync_level parameter (as follows). Read-write.

The *Register and *Unregister registers are intended to be used, that is, written, by syncLevel users to register and unregister themselves. The value written is ignored and should be 0. Changes to the syncLevel become effective at the next Stop event checkpoint. In addition, these registers can be written any time before simulation is running, for example from the init() simulation phase. The change then takes effect immediately when the simulation is run.

All other registers are only present to make the debugging of these mechanisms and their users easier. The syncLevel enables you to see what kind of performance can currently be expected from the model. You must treat access to these registers as read-only. Writing to them is permitted, however, to permit debugging the syncLevel mechanisms.

These registers are not memory (or CPnn-) mapped anywhere, and are not accessible to target programs.

In addition to this debug register interface, there is a CADI parameter that can influence the syncLevel:

This parameter enables you to control the minimum syncLevel by the CADI parameter interface. This is not the intended primary interface to control the syncLevel because it does not enable multiple independent syncLevel users to indicate their requirements to the simulator. It is intended primarily for debugging purposes and for situations where a single global setting of syncLevel is sufficient. Changes to this parameter at runtime are permitted and become effective on the next Stop event checkpoint. Reading this parameter value returns the min_sync_level, not the current syncLevel. This parameter is only an additional way of controlling the syncLevel and controls the same mechanisms as the register interface.

Copyright © 2008-2013 ARM. All rights reserved.ARM DUI 0423O