2.5 Application startup

In most embedded systems, an initialization sequence executes to set up the system before the main task is executed.

The following figure shows the default initialization sequence.

Figure 2-4 Default initialization sequence
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__main is responsible for setting up the memory and __rt_entry is responsible for setting up the run-time environment.

__main performs code and data copying, decompression, and zero initialization of the ZI data. It then branches to __rt_entry to set up the stack and heap, initialize the library functions and static data, and call any top level C++ constructors. __rt_entry then branches to main(), the entry to your application. When the main application has finished executing, __rt_entry shuts down the library, then hands control back to the debugger.

The function label main() has a special significance. The presence of a main() function forces the linker to link in the initialization code in __main and __rt_entry. Without a function labeled main() the initialization sequence is not linked in, and as a result, some standard C library functionality is not supported.

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