15.51 MACRO and MEND

The MACRO directive marks the start of the definition of a macro. Macro expansion terminates at the MEND directive.


These two directives define a macro. The syntax is:

{$label}  macroname{$cond} {$parameter{,$parameter}...}
     ; code



is a parameter that is substituted with a symbol given when the macro is invoked. The symbol is usually a label.


is the name of the macro. It must not begin with an instruction or directive name.


is a special parameter designed to contain a condition code. Values other than valid condition codes are permitted.


is a parameter that is substituted when the macro is invoked. A default value for a parameter can be set using this format:

$parameter="default value"

Double quotes must be used if there are any spaces within, or at either end of, the default value.


If you start any WHILE...WEND loops or IF...ENDIF conditions within a macro, they must be closed before the MEND directive is reached. You can use MEXIT to enable an early exit from a macro, for example, from within a loop.

Within the macro body, parameters such as $label, $parameter or $cond can be used in the same way as other variables. They are given new values each time the macro is invoked. Parameters must begin with $ to distinguish them from ordinary symbols. Any number of parameters can be used.

$label is optional. It is useful if the macro defines internal labels. It is treated as a parameter to the macro. It does not necessarily represent the first instruction in the macro expansion. The macro defines the locations of any labels.

Use | as the argument to use the default value of a parameter. An empty string is used if the argument is omitted.

In a macro that uses several internal labels, it is useful to define each internal label as the base label with a different suffix.

Use a dot between a parameter and following text, or a following parameter, if a space is not required in the expansion. Do not use a dot between preceding text and a parameter.

You can use the $cond parameter for condition codes. Use the unary operator :REVERSE_CC: to find the inverse condition code, and :CC_ENCODING: to find the 4-bit encoding of the condition code.

Macros define the scope of local variables.

Macros can be nested.


A macro that uses internal labels to implement loops:

 ; macro definition
                MACRO                 ; start macro definition
$label          xmac    $p1,$p2
                ; code
$label.loop1    ; code
                ; code
                BGE     $label.loop1
$label.loop2    ; code
                BL      $p1
                BGT     $label.loop2
                ; code
                ADR     $p2
                ; code
                MEND                  ; end macro definition
 ; macro invocation
abc             xmac    subr1,de      ; invoke macro
                ; code                ; this is what is
abcloop1        ; code                ; is produced when
                ; code                ; the xmac macro is
                BGE     abcloop1      ; expanded
abcloop2        ; code
                BL      subr1
                BGT     abcloop2
                ; code
                ADR     de
                ; code

A macro that produces assembly-time diagnostics:

        MACRO                        ; Macro definition
        diagnose  $param1="default"  ; This macro produces
        INFO      0,"$param1"        ; assembly-time diagnostics
        MEND                         ; (on second assembly pass)
 ; macro expansion
        diagnose            ; Prints blank line at assembly-time
        diagnose "hello"    ; Prints "hello" at assembly-time
        diagnose |          ; Prints "default" at assembly-time

When variables are being passed in as arguments, use of | might leave some variables unsubstituted. To work around this, define the | in a LCLS or GBLS variable and pass this variable as an argument instead of |. For example:

        MACRO                ; Macro definition
        m2 $a,$b=r1,$c       ; The default value for $b is r1
        add $a,$b,$c         ; The macro adds $b and $c and puts result in $a.
        MEND                 ; Macro end
        MACRO                ; Macro definition
        m1 $a,$b             ; This macro adds $b to r1 and puts result in $a.
        LCLS def             ; Declare a local string variable for |
def     SETS "|"             ; Define |
        m2 $a,$def,$b        ; Invoke macro m2 with $def instead of |
                             ; to use the default value for the second argument.
        MEND                 ; Macro end

A macro that uses a condition code parameter:

        AREA    codx, CODE, READONLY
; macro definition
        [ {ARCHITECTURE} <> "4"
          BX$cond lr
          MOV$cond pc,lr 
; macro invocation
fun     PROC
        CMP      r0,#0
        MOVEQ    r0,#1
        MOV      r0,#0        
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