MRS

Move the contents of a PSR to a general-purpose register.

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MRS{cond} Rd, psr

where:

cond

is an optional condition code.

Rd

is the destination register.

psr

is one of:

APSR

on any processor, in any mode.

CPSR

deprecated synonym for APSR and for use in Debug state, on any processor except ARMv7-M and ARMv6-M.

SPSR

on any processor except ARMv7-M and ARMv6-M, in privileged software execution only.

Mpsr

on ARMv7-M and ARMv6-M processors only.

Mpsr

can be any of: IPSR, EPSR, IEPSR, IAPSR, EAPSR, MSP, PSP, XPSR, PRIMASK, BASEPRI, BASEPRI_MAX, FAULTMASK, or CONTROL.

Show/hideUsage

Use MRS in combination with MSR as part of a read-modify-write sequence for updating a PSR, for example to change processor mode, or to clear the Q flag.

In process swap code, the programmers’ model state of the process being swapped out must be saved, including relevant PSR contents. Similarly, the state of the process being swapped in must also be restored. These operations make use of MRS/store and load/MSR instruction sequences.

Show/hideSPSR

You must not attempt to access the SPSR when the processor is in User or System mode. This is your responsibility. The assembler cannot warn you about this, because it has no information about the processor mode at execution time.

If you attempt to access the SPSR when the processor is in User or System mode, the result is unpredictable.

Show/hideCPSR

The CPSR endianness bit (E) can be read in any privileged software execution.

The CPSR execution state bits, other than the E bit, can only be read when the processor is in Debug state, halting debug-mode. Otherwise, the execution state bits in the CPSR read as zero.

The condition flags can be read in any mode on any processor. Use APSR if you are only interested in accessing the condition code flags in User mode.

Show/hideRegister restrictions

You cannot use PC in ARM instructions. You can use SP for Rd in ARM instructions but this is deprecated in ARMv6T2 and above.

You cannot use PC or SP in Thumb instructions.

Show/hideCondition flags

This instruction does not change the flags.

Show/hideArchitectures

This ARM instruction is available in all versions of the ARM architecture.

These 32-bit Thumb instructions are available in ARMv6T2 and above.

There is no 16-bit Thumb version of this instruction.

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Concepts

Using the Assembler:

Reference:
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