ARM Technical Support Knowledge Articles

What is the maximum TCK frequency that I can set up with DSTREAM / RVI ?

Applies to: DSTREAM, RealView ICE and Trace (RVI / RVT)

Answer

The maximum TCK frequency that can be generated with DSTREAM / RealView ICE (RVI) is 50MHz,

If using RVI, for TCK speeds higher than 20MHz the LVDS probe must be used.

However, the actual maximum TCK frequency that you can use to debug a target depends on the target itself.

According to the JTAG standard, TMS, TDI and TDO are driven on the falling edge of TCK and are sampled on the rising edge of TCK. The maximum TCK frequency is limited by the delays on the JTAG signals and the setup time requirements of both RVI/DSTREAM and the target.

More information on DSTREAM timing characteristics can be found here, and for RVI  here.

Hard macrocells:

For example, ARM7TDMI. The maximum TCK speed depends only on the silicon process and the delays on the JTAG signals. You should normally be able to work with TCK faster than 1MHz.

Synthesizable cores:

For example, ARM926EJ-S.

Synthesizable cores must implement the JTAG synchronisation logic, which samples the JTAG signals with the core clock.

The three sampling flip-flops set the theoretical maximum TCK frequency, which is one sixth of the core clock frequency (one eighth in ARM11) - See the How does adaptive clocking work? FAQ entry for more information.

The real maximum TCK frequency will be lower than this and will depend on the core clock frequency, the delays on the JTAG signals and the setup time of RVI/DSTREAM and the ASIC.

In practice, you need to experiment to find out the maximum possible TCK frequency. When beginning to work with a new design you should set a low TCK frequency. You can determine the maximum frequency for reliable operation by experimentation.

If your target provides RTCK, you can also configure DSTREAM/RVI in adaptive clocking mode. DSTREAM/RVI will automatically work at a TCK frequency close to the maximum possible one.

Article last edited on: 2011-11-04 17:16:49

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